F-20 Tiger Shark
F-20 Tigershark was designed as an evolution of the Northrop F-5 and contained a number of improvements over the F-5. Nevertheless, it has a long and eventful history. I will do my best to include all possible information. But if something is wrong, don’t hesitate to correct it.
In War Thunder it would be for the US technology boom, giving the US its own unique variant of the F-5 with enhanced capabilities. It may be a little far fetched, because I think there are countries that have a greater need for more advanced combat aircraft.
The Northrop F-5 was developed in the fifties as a light, inexpensive fighter and has become a major export success, used in more than 15 countries. However, in the late 1970s, the PRC needed a fighter capable of firing the new AIM-7 Sparrow, as the PRC began introducing more modern fighter aircraft at that time. The problem for the US government was that in the 1970s, relations between the United States and the People’s Republic of China began to get warmer after Nixon’s visit in 1972. OCD is always a sensitive issue and the US wants to be careful. At this point, the Carter administration restricted the sale of the latest technology to other countries because the United States could not be both a world champion and the world’s largest supplier of weapons of war.
The Republic of China is one of the largest historical users of the F-5.
This policy eventually showed its weaknesses when American allies deploying F-5s were confronted by potential adversaries who possessed some of the newer Soviet aircraft. In addition, other countries began to seek refuge elsewhere for fighter aircraft, such as France for its Mirage 2000, or even turned to the Soviet Union for its last MiGs. The State Department has proposed something similar to the F-5E, but with more advanced technology. Finally, the Carter administration authorized the development of a new fighter jet called FX. One of the requirements was that it had to be more capable than the F-5E, but without using the advanced systems used in the American fighter planes of the time, like the early F-14 and F-15. The project should be privately funded and the State Department should do the marketing, not individual companies.
Two companies have applied for the FX program – General Dynamics and Northrop. General Dynamics produced the F-16/79, a decommissioned F-16 that replaced the Pratt & Whittney F100 engine with a J79 turbojet engine, and the F-16A, with inferior avionics, on which it was based. The F-16 itself went into production around the same time, and the first flight of the F-16/79 took place on the 29th. October 1980.
The F-16/79 is essentially an F-16 with reduced electronics and engine.
Northrop developed the F-5G, or as it was later called, the F-20 Tiger Shark. The main changes to this aircraft were in the tail and engine. A General Electric F404-GE-100 was installed in the tail, giving the F-5G a single engine instead of two in the tail. Moreover, the aircraft received more modern avionics, including a much more powerful radar. These changes allowed the F-20 to be much faster than the F-5, have BVRAAM capabilities, carry more advanced air-to-ground munitions, and improve overall performance.
But in 1981 Ronald Reagan took office and restrictions on arms exports were relaxed. Initially, this had little impact on the FX program, but a number of problems surfaced. In 1982. The United States signed a joint communiqué with the PRC further blocking sales to the Republic of China and essentially stating that the ROC would not receive any modern aircraft from the United States. It is in this context that the development of the
AIDC F-CK-1 Ching-kuo light fighter began. An extension of a previous F-5E co-production, but it was rejected. Later, in 1982, Northrop asked to change the name of the aircraft to F-20 Tigershark, which was accepted, but by then the future of the program had deteriorated, due to the sale of the F-16 and to two crashes that reduced confidence in the capabilities of the F-20.
In 1984, test pilot Darrell Comell crashed during an F-20 demonstration flight for the South Korean Air Force at Suwon Air Force Base after reversing the strut after reaching an altitude of 1,200 to 1,800 feet. The second took place less than a year later in Goose Bay, Labrador, when test pilot Dave Barnes was practicing his act for the Paris Air Show. It is thought that he was knocked unconscious by the G-forces. Despite an investigation which showed that the incidents were not caused by the aircraft itself, the F-20 continued to be considered a dangerous aircraft.
After some time trying to get the F-20 in the U.S. inventory, also with the U.S. Navy, the F-20 was finally abandoned in 1986. General Dynamics offered the F-16C for the same price as the F-20, but the F-16 had better performance. Despite a $1.2 billion investment in the program, Northrop managed to stay afloat by participating in
F/A-18 Hornet, as well as the B-2 strategic bomber and the Advanced Tactical Fighter program.
Chuck Yeager with an F-20 Tiger Shark and a Chevy Corvette.
A look under the hood of the F-20.
Model of the F-20 cockpit.
The structure of the aircraft, as well as the loading options.
- Crew! 1 Pilot
- Length: 14,4 m.
- Range: 8.53 m; with launchers (8.13 m; without launchers)
- Height: 4.20 m (13 feet 10 inches)
- Wing area: 18.6 m² (200 ft²)
- Kerb weight: 5,964 kg (13,150 lbs)
- Weight underwater vehicle: 7,021 kg (15,480 lbs)
- Maximum Take-Off Weight: 12 474 kg (27 500 lb)
- Thrust: 1 × General Electric F404-GE-100 turbocompressor, 17,000 lbf (76 kN)
- Maximum speed: Car 2, 320 miles per hour, 2,124 mph.
- Range: 300 nmi (345 miles, 556 km); for a shark-lo-hee mission with 2 × 330 U.S. gallons (1,250 liters) of drop tanks.
- Range ferry: 1490 nmi (1715 miles, 2759 km); with 3 × 330 U.S. gallon (1250 liter) drop tanks.
- Service ceiling: 55 000 ft (16 800 m)
- Rate of ascent: 255 m/s (52,800 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 395 kg/m² (81.0 lb/sq ft)
- Train/weight : 1.1
- Armament: 2 Pontiac M39A2 guns of 20 mm (0.79 inch) at the bow, 280 rounds each.
- Anchor points: 5 external anchor points with a capacity of 3,600 kg (8,000 lb) for bombs, missiles, rockets and up to 3 drop tanks for longer range.
- Missiles: 2 × CRV7 or 2 × LAU-10 pods with 4 × Zuni igniters of 5 inches (127 mm) each or 2 × Matra pods with 18 SNEB igniters of 68 mm each
- Missiles: 2 × AIM-9 Lateral Windage on wing launcher rails (similar to F-16 and F/A-18) Up to 4 × AIM-7 Sparrows on lower wing launcher rails AGM-65 Maverick air-to-ground missiles on anchor points
- Bombs: various air-to-ground munitions such as unguided iron bombs of the Mark 80 series (including 3 and 14 kg practice bombs), CBU-24/49/52/58 cluster bombs, M129 leaf bomb.
2020 will satisfy both classic and modern players. To be on the list, the game must be confirmed for 2020, or there must be a compelling reason for it to be released that year. Upcoming games that are only announced and do not have a major release date are therefore not eligible.
By 2020, there will be a ton of… in the world of video games. Here are fifteen games to look forward to in the first half of 2020.
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